Free VPN vs. Paid VPN – Which Is a Better Option?

All of us are truly fond of free stuff that we achieve in life and the same thing happens when we ought to choose our hosting provider, VPN service, and IT assistance. You’re bound to achieve quality service only when you pay for it. There’s no exception to the VPN account.

Consider few of the advantages and disadvantages related to paid and free VPN services:

1. Service Protocols

PPTP VPNs are only provided by a majority of Free VPN services. However, there is a lot of security questions associated with such PPTP VPN. You may tunnel your connections more securely when you sign up for OpenVPN, SSH, L2TP, SSTP, and PPTP with the paid VPN providers. So a Paid VPN wins in this area.

2. Speed

Numerous other folks have already used free VPN services till date. The bandwidth is somewhat restricted with a free VPN service provider due to his lack of funds. He needs to bear a certain cost of maintaining a good bandwidth and that’s quite expensive at times. A VPN service provider needs to spend a considerable amount towards establishing thousands of connections for extending their support through servers. Paid VPN stands a sheer winner as such providers invest a considerable portion of their returns towards servers and for acquiring bandwidth. Low bandwidth is among the primary concerns that you have while opting for free VPN services.

3. VPN Accessibility

Availability is truly a point of consideration provided you need a smooth connectivity that won’t log you out unexpectedly. The free VPN service provider easily gets cornered by several VPN nodes in combination with the bandwidth problem. Over here, Paid VPN is certainly a clear winner.

4. Support

The provider needs to bear an additional cost of extending support. It’s quite similar to the bandwidth issue. You won’t have a nice time when you want your connectivity problem to be resolved by someone for free. You must pay for quality service, so you must distinguish between the capacity of paid and free software. A person who’s associated with a paid service actually invests more time in determining the right solutions to your tickets. Professionals working for a free service perform an average task, so Paid VPN is again the winner in this area.

5. Location of Nodes and Servers

When it comes to engaging more servers, it’s actually about spending more money. Only by gaining a small amount of money out of an online advertising, no VPN service can actually get you connected to 100 servers in more than 50 nations. It won’t make up for their bandwidth fees and meet their server maintenance charges. The paid VPN service can afford to provide you with numerous VPN server locations at a time. So, the Paid VPN is again the winner at this level.

6. Anonymity

You won’t need to sign up with a free VPN service provider for availing their services. Even when you need to sign up for such services, you may enter fake details. In a sharp contrast, the paid VPN services mandate entering the right details that are considered while processing payment e.g. credit card or PayPal.

Free VPN is usually a winner when it comes to anonymity, except with those paid services that take fair measures in hiding your true identity. With a free VPN service, you won’t need to provide all information pertaining to your identity. However, you must remember that your VPN service provider can easily monitor your traffic and access your IP address. By not sharing your contact details, you’re considered “anonymous”, but the IP address remains disclosed and easily accessible to the paid VPN service provider regardless of whether you sign up with a paid service or not.

The common man remains exposed to threats posed by security issues and this raises his concerns about free services. Your idea of all security stuff and personal information getting hacked by outsiders persists. But you must remember that the industry experts are always in favor of the paid VN services while keeping the broader picture in mind.



H1B Visa Changes: India Lobbies Trump Administration to Avert Threat

India has stepped up its lobbying effort against moves in the US Congress to impose curbs on visas for skilled workers that threaten the South Asian nation’s tech sector, which employs more than 3.5 million people.

H1B Visa Changes: India Lobbies Trump Administration to Avert Threat

Speaking to Reuters, Trade Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said New Delhi had reached out to the administration of President Donald Trump to stress the importance of India’s $150-billion IT services industry to US citizens.

“India’s investments in the United States have provided jobs to US citizens,” she said in an interview. “That has to be brought to the notice of the US administration.”

The comments come days after Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged Washington to keep an open mind on admitting skilled Indian workers.

Indian software companies such as Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys and Wipro shot to prominence in the 1990s by helping Western firms stamp out the “Y2K” bug.

Trump’s “America First” rhetoric on jobs, however, has put their biggest market under threat.

A bill was introduced in the US Congress last month to more than double the minimum salary of H-1B visa holders, which could significantly boost costs for IT companies, whose margins are already being squeezed.

New Delhi has backed a move by Nasscom, India’s high-tech industry association, to lobby US lawmakers and companies to urge the administration not to crack down on allowing its skilled workers into the United States.

A Nasscom delegation is now in the United States to make its case to officials on Capitol Hill and in the White House.

“We will have to engage with the new administration,” Sitharaman said. “Our engagement at every level is intact and continuing.”

The United States is India’s biggest trading partner, but trade in goods between the two countries has been stagnant, at around $67 billion (roughly Rs. 446,454 crores), for the last three years. Indian software exports to the US rose more than 10 percent, to $37 billion, in the last fiscal year from a year earlier.

Indian nationals are by far the largest group of recipients of the 65,000 H-1B visas issued annually to new applicants under a cap mandated by Congress. More than 60 percent of the US employees of Infosys hold H-1B visas.

A global pact on services trade would go a long way towards settling disputes over professional visas, Sitharaman said.

“If only there is a framework…you will know how movement can happen and how certain restrictions can or cannot come,” she said. “It’s time for countries to sit together and look at it.”

NASA Asked by Trump Administration to Explore Placing Crew on SLS Rocket's Debut Flight

The Trump administration has directed NASA to study whether it is feasible to fly astronauts on the debut flight of the agency’s heavy-lift rocket, a mission currently planned to be unmanned and targeted to launch in late 2018, officials said on Friday.

The study marks President Donald Trump’s first step in shaping a vision for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

NASA Asked by Trump Administration to Explore Placing Crew on SLS Rocket's Debut Flight

Under former President Barack Obama, the US space agency was working on the heavy-lift Space Launch System rocket and Orion deep-space capsule with the aim of sending astronauts to rendezvous with an asteroid in the mid-2020s, followed by a human expedition to Mars in the 2030s.

The request for the study from the new Republican president’s administration tweaks that plan by exploring whether to add a crew to an earlier test flight and perhaps setting the stage for a human return to the moon.

NASA officials said they do not feel compelled to fly the test mission with crew aboard, Bill Gerstenmaier, NASA’s head of human space flight, told reporters on a conference call.

“There’s not pressure to go do this,” Gerstenmaier said. “I find it encouraging that we were asked to go do this feasibility study.”

The study is expected to take about a month. Engineers are assessing hardware changes, schedule delays, additional costs and increased risks of flying a two-member crew on the first flight of the Space Launch System rocket, which is about four times bigger and more powerful than any current US booster.

A NASA safety oversight panel on Thursday cautioned that the agency should have compelling reasons for adding crew to justify the extra cost, risk to human life and schedule delays.

“If the benefits warrant assumption of additional risk, we expect NASA to clearly and openly articulate their decision-processing rationale,” Patricia Sanders, head of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel, said at a meeting at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

If approved, the astronauts would fly aboard an Orion capsule, under development by Lockheed Martin Corp , and swing around the moon during an eight- to nine-day mission, similar to what the Apollo 8 crew accomplished in 1968.

Gerstenmaier said adding crew to the mission would not be worthwhile if it forced the flight to be delayed more than about a year.

The rocket’s second flight, which is to include crew, is targeted for August 2021. The study will explore what would be gained technically by having a crew aboard sooner.

Download of the day: 4K YouTube to MP3

4K YouTube to MP3

As you’ve probably noticed, there are lots and lots of apps offering to download YouTube clips and turn them into audio tracks. Provided you have the copyright holder’s permission (eg free remixes released into the public domain by the artists, not the latest Beyoncé album uploaded by some random) it’s a great way to get good music for free.

One of the simplest tools for managing downloads is 4K YouTube to MP3 – 4K being the name of the developer rather than anything to do with video resolution. But don’t let the name put you off, because it’s a really useful and user-friendly app.

Why you need it

Downloading from YouTube can be a little arcane, fairly frustrating and occasionally quite time consuming. 4K YouTube to MP3 does all the work for you. You can download files using multiple threads, set the quality levels you want to download at, and output to MP3, M4A or OGG. The app works with other sites too including SoundCloud, Vimeo, Flickr and DailyMotion.

It can download entire playlists and channels, although the free edition stops after 25 videos.

4K YouTube to MP3 is simple, straightforward and good looking, and it’s as useful for absolute beginners as it is for more demanding downloaders.

The best free download manager 2017

Free download managers

If you enjoy music and movies, a great download manager is essential. The best tools can speed up downloads by breaking files into manageable blocks, let you pause and resume whenever you want, and compensate for flaky internet connections.

Some download managers will even convert file formats automatically once they’ve finished grabbing videos, making the experience as hassle-free as possible. Once you’ve tried one, you’ll wonder how you ever managed without.

Here’s our pick of the very best free download managers for Windows. Have we missed your favorite? Let us know in the comments below.

Ninja Internet Download Manager

1. Ninja Download Manager

Powerful and well designed – the best download manager for saving and converting media files

Ninja Internet Download Manager is a relative newcomer to the downloading party, and it looks considerably more contemporary than its, er, contemporaries.

The interface is simple and modern, and the download accelerator is capable of grabbing files 10 times faster. It does this by splitting each file into chunks, then downloading each one using a different server connection, making downloads not only faster, but also more reliable. If you’re into music and movies you’ll be delighted by its sequential setting, which lets you begin playing a file while it’s still downloading.

There’s also a built-in video downloader with support for YouTube and Vimeo, and a video converter that changes the file format automatically once it’s finished downloading.

There are lots of fantastic options around, but if you love music, films and TV then Ninja is the best free download manager.


Free Download Manager

2. Free Download Manager

An open source download manager that’s packed with media tools for music and movie lovers

Free Download Manager aims to be all things to all people. It’s a download accelerator, a BitTorrent client, an audio and video previewer and a traffic management tool, and because it’s open source, it’s completely free and receives regular updates from its community of developers.

It includes powerful scheduling features and a very handy remote control that means you can leave your downloads running and check on their progress from any internet-connected device.

It can spider sites to download specific kinds of files, and you can choose to download only the bits of a ZIP file you actually want. It’s an exceptional program, and it was tough to choose between this and Ninja Internet Download Manager for the top spot.


Download Accelerator Plus

3. Download Accelerator Plus

A stripped-down version of a premium download manager that’s superb in its own right

The free version of Download Accelerator Plus is a pared-back version of the premium edition , but it’s much more than just a demo and contains all the essential features you need for quick, reliable downloads.

The free version lacks the DAP Premium’s privacy protection, but it does include a link checker, video previewing, file conversion, safe downloading and multiple connections to boost the speed of your downloads.

Download Accelerator Plus is clearly designed for media fans, and can help you avoid irritations such as slow servers and internet congestion.


JDownloader 2

4. JDownloader 2

An advanced download manager, JDownloader 2 is optimized for power users

JDownloader 2 is a free, open source download manager with a massive developer community, and it’s available for Windows, Linux and Mac.

It’s really one for power users, with support for over 300 decryption plugins, automatic RAR extraction, password list searching and OCR to complete some of the CAPTCHA ‘I’m not a robot’ checks you encounter on download sites.

You’ll need the Java Runtime Environment to run it, and you’ll have to be careful when installing it: the installer contains adware, which will be bundled in with the download manager if you don’t specifically deselect it.


Free YouTube Downloader

5. Free YouTube Downloader

Manage video downloads with batch processing and support for resolutions up to 8K

Its installer is a little too keen on adding bundled software, but deselect the extras you don’t want and you’ll discover that Free YouTube Downloader is an excellent download manager.

Unlike some of the more powerful options it’s designed as a downloader first and foremost, so you get a good multi-stream download manager for grabbing several clips simultaneously, but few file conversion options.

Free YouTube Downloader can download files of up to 8K resolution (in MKV) and convert to AVI and MP4 format for playback in your media player of choice. Remember that you should only download videos from YouTube if you have the copyright owner’s permission.


Download DownThemAll free

6. DownThemAll

A free Firefox add-on that lets you download all the links and media from a web page at once

If Firefox is your preferred browser, try DownThemAll – a well-crafted extension that lets you download all the links or images in a webpage at once.

Downloads can be paused and resumed, and the integrated accelerator lets you grab files files four times faster through cunning use of multiple server connections.

It’s a superb addition to an already excellent browser, and unlike some free download managers there are no catches – there’s no unwanted advertising and all its features are yours to enjoy completely free of charge.


Download iGetter free

Download iGetter free
iGetter is a cross-platform download manager, with support for several Mac and Windows web browsers

7. iGetter

iGetter makes it easy to find and grab the files you need, whether you’re using a Mac or PC

Most download managers are for Windows, but iGetter also comes in a Mac OS X version. You can schedule downloads for specific times – handy if the servers you want to use get hammered during peak hours – and find server mirrors.

As with most download managers worth their salt, you can resume broken downloads and benefit from accelerated downloading.

iGetter also includes a site explorer that you can use to find content on web and FTP sites. It integrates with Safari, iCab and Firefox on Mac and Firefox and Internet Explorer on Windows.

Forget Planet of the Apps – Apple needs to rip off these TV shows instead

The iPhone is selling by the bucketload and iPads and MacBooks are essential tools for the sorts of attractive twenty-somethings who tend to appear in adverts… ButApple TV ? As far as we can tell, though Apple TV has sold pretty well, it hasn’t changed the living room, let alone the world.

So in a bid to gin up some interest Apple has decided to take a lesson from Netflixand Amazon Prime ’s playbook, and develop some original TV content.

Forget mega-budget Kevin Spacey political dramas though, and cast aside any thoughts of Jeremy Clarkson and his pals spending the big bucks making a travel show that pretends to be a car show. Apple has decided that the best vehicle with which to launch its ambitions is… a rip off of Dragon’s Den . That’s Shark Tan k, if you’re American.

Planet of the Apps – yes, that is really what it is called – will see budding entrepreneurs pitch their idea to an “expert panel” which includes Jessica Alba, Gwyneth Paltrow and ubiquitous failed tech entrepreneur Will.I.Am .

We know what you’re thinking: we don’t know what secrets Will.I.Am knows about Tim Cook either. But we know what you’re also thinking: Why is Apple, the biggest company in the world, with one of the coolest brands in the world, deciding to cash in all of its brand equity on such an obviously tacky idea?

So we’ve decided to help Tim Cook. We can’t pinpoint the exact psychological reason why he’s decided to greenlight this, but we do watch a lot of TV. So here’s our suggestions for five other TV shows that Apple should have ripped off instead.

1. Bloomberg’s Hello World

Apple, like all tech companies, obviously wants to present itself at the forefront of innovation. So why not produce a show that explores technological innovation around the world? One format to rip-off that does this rather nicely is “ Hello World ” on Bloomberg.


In each episode Ashlee Vance visits a different country and meets local start-ups and tech firms. And for tech nerds, it makes for fascinating viewing as it shows what is going on not just in Silicon Valley, but elsewhere. For example, in one Russian city that was deliberately created for scientists in the Soviet era there is now a cutting edge drone company building devices that can compete with the rest of the world.

So why doesn’t Apple play to its’ strengths and send a filmmaker around the world to capture what’s going on? Hey, they might even discover some start-ups to buy along the way.

2. W1A

W1A was a critical hit for the BBC when it aired in 2014. The satirical mockumentary brilliantly pierced the pomposity of the corporation that commissioned it as it followed the work of “Head of Values” Ian Fletcher (Hugh Bonneville) at BBC Broadcasting House itself. It showed that the BBC, despite its long and august history as an institution in British life, was not as po-faced as we might have expected.


Apple, meanwhile, is another massive organisation – wouldn’t it be nice if we knew it could laugh at itself too? There’s plenty to mock: The circus that is a keynote presentation, the way Jony Ive will earnestly discuss the shape of a button (not to mention the fact that Apple has become something of a religion amongst its most zealous customers). Paul O’Grady could be cast in the role of Tim Cook.

Perhaps it is time that Ian Fletcher got a new job in Cupertino?

3. Later… With Jools Holland

Before Planet of the Apps , the company’s only previous foray into original content has been with it’s Beats 1 online radio station. Sure, it doesn’t appear as though anyone is actually listening to it, but at least the station, under the sage guidance of former Radio 1 tastemaker Zane Lowe fits in with the brand values that Apple is trying to project: “Look at all of this achingly cool new music from credible artists that you can listen to on your Apple Device”, Apple’s marketing has shouted since the original iPod.


Arguably the closest analogue on TV is the BBC’s Later , in which Jools Holland manages to round up a bunch of credible musicians to play some music together. There’s few gimmicks, and it doesn’t need them – it’s for musos with eclectic tastes.

So what Apple should do is obvious: Super-charge this format. Use the iPhone’s money printing machine to book the biggest artists, mix it up with some cool obscure people and have inexplicably cool 43 year old Lowe present. Perhaps leave out the boogie-woogie piano. Make it credible, maybe throw in a few interviews focusing on musicianship and all of a sudden Apple is the producer of a global tastemaking music show.

4. The News

In the 20th century, the US government granted the TV networks the airwaves for free, on one condition: That every night, they broadcast the news. Perhaps it is time for Apple to step up as a responsible corporate citizen in the 21st century and do its duty to inform citizens too.


Let’s face it – it’s very hard to tell what’s true anymore and it’s partially Apple’s fault. “Fake news” is a much abused term, but the simple fact is that thanks to the proliferation of internet-capable devices, everyone is able to live in their bubble, hearing only facts and opinions that they want to hear. And while it might be pleasing to have everything you read reinforce your existing views, this is a terrible, terrible thing for democracy.

At the same time, the internet has destroyed many of the business models of journalism: Foreign bureaus have closed, court and local news reporting has virtually disappeared.

Why can’t Apple use its billions of dollars it has on hand to form a major news organisation? Produce a nightly bulletin that lives up to the values that Will McAvoy in The Newsroom would espouse.

5. Doctor Who

And finally, perhaps what Apple TV needs is something that caters towards a major demographic in its fanbase: They need a show about a geekster with lots of gadgets.

They need Doctor Who.


Simply drop the TARDIS and replace it with an Apple Time Machine and instead of a human companion, simply have The Doctor banter with Siri instead.

There’s lots of scope for varied villains too: A seemingly all knowing entity known as Google, and Samsung, a South Korean monster that causes explosions.

And if Apple wants it’s Doctor to remain totally on brand: Make the Sonic Screwdriver charge up with a proprietary connector too

The Switch should finally let you back up your Nintendo games online

A couple of days ago we were treated to a sneak preview of the Nintendo Switch after one lucky gamer got his hands on the console early – and now an eagle-eyed viewer has spotted something rather interesting in the resulting clip.

Hidden in the small print is a paragraph that says your gaming purchases will be tied to your online Nintendo account, rather than the device you’re playing them on. Previously, Nintendo games had been locked to specific hardware, which meant a costly upgrade every time a new machine came out.

“Your Nintendo Account contains your Nintendo eShop purchase history and current balance,” reads the text. “By re-linking your Nintendo Account after initializing the console, it will be possible to redownload any software or DLC purchased using that account. (Software that has been discontinued may not be available to redownload in some cases.)”

Switch perfect

Good news for gamers then and another sign that Nintendo is finally getting to grips with gaming in the modern day – alongside all those games for mobile devices it’s suddenly decided to start releasing.

Nintendo itself hasn’t made any comment on the revelation so we’ll probably have to wait until the Switch finally goes on sale (March 3) for confirmation of exactly how this is going to work – will you be able to register multiple Switches with the same account, for example? Nevertheless it’s a promising development though.

Another unanswered question is whether or not compatible games from the Wii Uand 3DS also be available to download through the new system, thus saving money on new copies… but we just have to wait and see. In the meantime here’s everything we know about the Nintendo Switch so far

Tesla Targets Middle East Drive With Dubai Debut

Electric carmaker Tesla announced the opening of a new Gulf headquarters Monday in Dubai, aiming to conquer an oil-rich region better known for gas guzzlers than environmentally friendly motoring.

Tesla Targets Middle East Drive With Dubai Debut

Elon Musk, the co-founder and chief executive of the American firm seeking to revolutionise the electric car market, was in the affluent city state to oversee the launch of the Gulf sales push.

“The time seems to be good to really make a significant debut in this region starting from Dubai,” Musk told the World Government Summit under way in the emirate.

Dubai’s official Media Office said that Musk met UAE Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum, who welcomed Tesla’s decision to set up its regional headquarters in the city state.

Sheikh Mohammed, who is also the ruler of Dubai, instructed local authorities to provide Tesla “with the services and logistic support” it needs, said the Media Office.

Dubai is one of seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates.

Once a sleepy fishing town, it has evolved into a regional business hub and a tourist magnet, thanks to huge investments in luxury resorts and shopping malls.

The emirate, seen as the most diversified in the Gulf, has a population of 2.5 million people, most of them expatriates.

Despite a state-of-the art metro, many people in Dubai and across the energy-rich Gulf region prefer to get around in SUVs or other luxury cars known to burn a lot of petrol.

Official figures released by Dubai’s Roads and Transport Authority in 2015 showed that the number of vehicles in Dubai had doubled over the past eight years, leaving the Gulf emirate with more cars per person than New York or London.

If that trend continues, the number of vehicles registered could reach 2.2 million by 2020, when the emirate is due to host the Expo international trade fair.

Tesla announced last year plans to build self-driving technology into all its electric cars.

“My guess is probably that in 10 years it will be very unusual for cars to be built that are not fully autonomous,” Musk told the Dubai summit on Monday.

“I think almost all cars built will be capable of full autonomy in about 10 years.”

New Mobile Game Promises to Send One Player to Space Every Year

Finnish company Cohu Entertainment’s Space Nation Astronaut Program has raised EUR 2.2 million in just two days after the crowdfunding for the mobile game started. Interestingly, the company will send one selected user of its mobile game to space when the game comes out later this year.

New Mobile Game Promises to Send One Player to Space Every Year

The Space Nation Astronaut Program mobile game will train people by using actual astronaut training methods and will require them to “take part in real world adventures” and climb up the leaderboards. The app consists of three kinds of challenges: Body, Mind, and Social.

spacenation app story2 Spacenation Story 2

“In order to collect points, you need to perform challenges that develop your physical, intellectual and social skills. The best candidates from the app enter a filmed astronaut training competition and every year we select at least one to travel to space!” the company says on its website.

The top 100 players from the mobile game will be assessed for real astronaut training and will get invitation for a two-week astronaut training boot camp early next year. Then 12 selected players will feature in an interactive film series, where they will be able to participate through the game play. Finally, one chosen winner will then be sent to space.

With the crowdfunding campaign, Cohu aims to raise up to EUR 4.9 million. On being successful, the company will get another 3 million from Finnish Innovation Fund Tekes, as per a report by V Space News. Before the crowdfunding began, the company reportedly raised EUR 1.7 million from investors in countries like Finland, Estonia, Germany, and the US.

Interestingly, the crowdfunding campaign got off to a great start and the company was able to raise EUR 1 million in just 43 minutes.

“We have always aimed high. When the first winner flies to space we can say we are probably the only Finnish company who can call our galaxy its home market,” co-founder Kalle Vaha-Jaakkola was quoted as saying in the report.

Haven't Withdrawn Governance Concerns, Says Infosys Co-Founder Narayana Murthy

Infosys co-founder N R Narayana Murthy on Monday denied that he had withdrawn his concerns about governance lapses at the firm, saying the Board has to address these “properly” and “full transparency should be displayed and people responsible for it should become accountable”.

Haven't Withdrawn Governance Concerns, Says Infosys Co-Founder Narayana Murthy

“No, I have not withdrawn my concern. They have to be addressed properly by the Board and full transparency should be displayed and people responsible for it should become accountable,” Murthy told PTI.

Murthy was responding to reports that he had backed down from the confrontation with the Board over corporate governance issues.

Asked about his view on the integrity of Infosys Board members, Murthy said while all the member are “good intentioned people of high integrity, but even good people sometimes make mistakes”.

“…good leadership demands that they listen to all concerned shareholders, re-evaluate their decisions, and take corrective action. I hope they take corrective action soon and improve governance for a better future for the company,” he added.

Over the last few days, Infosys has come under fire from co-founders like Murthy who have publicly raised concerns on alleged corporate governance lapses at the Bengaluru-based firm.

Some of the founders have aired concerns about CEO Vishal Sikka’s $11 million pay and expensive severance packages for former executives Rajiv Bansal (CFO) and David Kennedy (General Counsel).

They had also called for re-constitution of the Board, demanding that Chairman Ramaswami Seshasayee step down, taking responsibility for the “lapses”.

Infosys has, however, defended itself saying all decisions were made “in the overall interest of the company” and that it has made “full disclosures” on all developments.

Infosys founders, along with their family members, owned 12.75 percent in the company at the end of December 2016, as per the data available with BSE.